In 2013, the Rockefeller Foundation pioneered the 100 Resilient Cities (100RC) project to help more cities build resilience to the physical, social, and economic challenges in the 21st century.
City resilience is the capacity of individuals, communities, institutions, businesses, and systems within a city to survive, adapt, and grow no matter what stresses and shocks they experience.
Stresses that occur on a day-to-day or cyclical basis weaken the fabric of a city. Examples are high unemployment, an overloaded or inefficient public transportation system, endemic violence, and ongoing food and water shortages.
Shocks are the sudden, acute events we usually think of when we talk about building resilience in our city. Examples are earthquakes, floods, and disease outbreaks.