1929-1935: The economic depression
In the late 1920s, global economic conditions were worsening - New Zealand was thrust into the 'Great Depression'.
A government work programme - Scheme Five - was administered by the Council. The scheme provided work for more than 4000 of the city's unemployed - usually a few days per week. The numbers signing on to work put so much pressure on the Council that the city nearly went broke trying to pay for it.
Subsequent pay cuts led to a strike by the city's jobless and their march on Parliament resulted in many arrests. Police also charged a gathering of 2,000 strikers in Cuba Street, injuring many people.
For many, the Labour Party's election at the end of 1935, which saw the birth of a welfare state, marked the end of the depression years.